JavaScript学习总结(9)——JS常用函数(一)

本文中,收集了一些比较常用的Javascript函数,希望对学习JS的朋友们有所帮助。

1. 字符串长度截取

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function cutstr(str, len) {
    var temp,
        icount = 0,
        patrn = /[^\x00-\xff]/,
        strre = "";
    for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
        if (icount < len - 1) {
            temp = str.substr(i, 1);
                if (patrn.exec(temp) == null) {
                   icount = icount + 1
            } else {
                icount = icount + 2
            }
            strre += temp
            } else {
            break;
        }
    }
    return strre + "..."
}

2. 替换全部

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String.prototype.replaceAll = function(s1, s2) {
    return this.replace(new RegExp(s1, "gm"), s2)
}

3. 清除空格

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String.prototype.trim = function() {
    var reExtraSpace = /^\s*(.*?)\s+$/;
    return this.replace(reExtraSpace, "$1")
}

4. 清除左空格/右空格

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function ltrim(s){ return s.replace( /^(\s*| *)/, ""); }
function rtrim(s){ return s.replace( /(\s*| *)$/, ""); }

5. 判断是否以某个字符串开头

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String.prototype.startWith = function (s) {
    return this.indexOf(s) == 0
}

6. 判断是否以某个字符串结束

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String.prototype.endWith = function (s) {
    var d = this.length - s.length;
    return (d >= 0 && this.lastIndexOf(s) == d)
}

7. 转义html标签

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function HtmlEncode(text) {
    return text.replace(/&/g, '&').replace(/\"/g, '"').replace(/</g, '<').replace(/>/g, '>')
}

8. 时间日期格式转换

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Date.prototype.Format = function(formatStr) {
    var str = formatStr;
    var Week = ['日', '一', '二', '三', '四', '五', '六'];
    str = str.replace(/yyyy|YYYY/, this.getFullYear());
    str = str.replace(/yy|YY/, (this.getYear() % 100) > 9 ? (this.getYear() % 100).toString() : '0' + (this.getYear() % 100));
    str = str.replace(/MM/, (this.getMonth() + 1) > 9 ? (this.getMonth() + 1).toString() : '0' + (this.getMonth() + 1));
    str = str.replace(/M/g, (this.getMonth() + 1));
    str = str.replace(/w|W/g, Week[this.getDay()]);
    str = str.replace(/dd|DD/, this.getDate() > 9 ? this.getDate().toString() : '0' + this.getDate());
    str = str.replace(/d|D/g, this.getDate());
    str = str.replace(/hh|HH/, this.getHours() > 9 ? this.getHours().toString() : '0' + this.getHours());
    str = str.replace(/h|H/g, this.getHours());
    str = str.replace(/mm/, this.getMinutes() > 9 ? this.getMinutes().toString() : '0' + this.getMinutes());
    str = str.replace(/m/g, this.getMinutes());
    str = str.replace(/ss|SS/, this.getSeconds() > 9 ? this.getSeconds().toString() : '0' + this.getSeconds());
    str = str.replace(/s|S/g, this.getSeconds());
    return str
}

9. 判断是否为数字类型

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function isDigit(value) {
    var patrn = /^[0-9]*$/;
    if (patrn.exec(value) == null || value == "") {
        return false
    } else {
        return true
    }
}

10. 设置cookie值

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function setCookie(name, value, Hours) {
    var d = new Date();
    var offset = 8;
    var utc = d.getTime() + (d.getTimezoneOffset() * 60000);
    var nd = utc + (3600000 * offset);
    var exp = new Date(nd);
    exp.setTime(exp.getTime() + Hours * 60 * 60 * 1000);
    document.cookie = name + "=" + escape(value) + ";path=/;expires=" + exp.toGMTString() + ";domain=360doc.com;"
}

11. 获取cookie值

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function getCookie(name) {
    var arr = document.cookie.match(new RegExp("(^| )" + name + "=([^;]*)(;|$)"));
    if (arr != null) return unescape(arr[2]);
    return null
}

12. 加入收藏夹

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function AddFavorite(sURL, sTitle) {
    try {
        window.external.addFavorite(sURL, sTitle)
    } catch(e) {
        try {
            window.sidebar.addPanel(sTitle, sURL, "")
        } catch(e) {
            alert("加入收藏失败,请使用Ctrl+D进行添加")
        }
    }
}

13. 设为首页

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function setHomepage() {
    if (document.all) {
        document.body.style.behavior = 'url(#default#homepage)';
        document.body.setHomePage('http://w3cboy.com')
    } else if (window.sidebar) {
        if (window.netscape) {
            try {
                netscape.security.PrivilegeManager.enablePrivilege("UniversalXPConnect")
            } catch(e) {
                alert("该操作被浏览器拒绝,如果想启用该功能,请在地址栏内输入 about:config,然后将项 signed.applets.codebase_principal_support 值该为true")
                }
        }
        var prefs = Components.classes['@mozilla.org/preferences-service;1'].getService(Components.interfaces.nsIPrefBranch);
        prefs.setCharPref('browser.startup.homepage', 'http://w3cboy.com')
    }
}

14. 加载样式文件

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function LoadStyle(url) {
    try {
        document.createStyleSheet(url)
    } catch(e) {
        var cssLink = document.createElement('link');
        cssLink.rel = 'stylesheet';
        cssLink.type = 'text/css';
        cssLink.href = url;
        var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
        head.appendChild(cssLink)
    }
}

15. 返回脚本内容

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function evalscript(s) {
    if(s.indexOf('<script') == -1) return s;
    var p = /<script[^\>]*?>([^\x00]*?)<\/script>/ig;
    var arr = [];
    while(arr = p.exec(s)) {
        var p1 = /<script[^\>]*?src=\"([^\>]*?)\"[^\>]*?(reload=\"1\")?(?:charset=\"([\w\-]+?)\")?><\/script>/i;
        var arr1 = [];
        arr1 = p1.exec(arr[0]);
        if(arr1) {
            appendscript(arr1[1], '', arr1[2], arr1[3]);
        } else {
            p1 = /<script(.*?)>([^\x00]+?)<\/script>/i;
            arr1 = p1.exec(arr[0]);
            appendscript('', arr1[2], arr1[1].indexOf('reload=') != -1);
        }
    }
    return s;
}

16. 清除脚本内容

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function stripscript(s) {
    return s.replace(/<script.*?>.*?<\/script>/ig, '');
}

17. 动态加载脚本文件

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function appendscript(src, text, reload, charset) {
    var id = hash(src + text);
    if(!reload && in_array(id, evalscripts)) return;
    if(reload && $(id)) {
        $(id).parentNode.removeChild($(id));
    }
    evalscripts.push(id);
    var scriptNode = document.createElement("script");
    scriptNode.type = "text/javascript";
    scriptNode.id = id;
    scriptNode.charset = charset ? charset : (BROWSER.firefox ? document.characterSet : document.charset);
    try {
        if(src) {
            scriptNode.src = src;
            scriptNode.onloadDone = false;
            scriptNode.onload = function () {
                scriptNode.onloadDone = true;
                JSLOADED[src] = 1;
             };
             scriptNode.onreadystatechange = function () {
                 if((scriptNode.readyState == 'loaded' || scriptNode.readyState == 'complete') && !scriptNode.onloadDone) {
                    scriptNode.onloadDone = true;
                    JSLOADED[src] = 1;
                }
             };
        } else if(text){
            scriptNode.text = text;
        }
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(scriptNode);
    } catch(e) {}
}

18. 返回按ID检索的元素对象

function $(id) {
    return !id ? null : document.getElementById(id);
}

19. 跨浏览器绑定事件

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function addEventSamp(obj,evt,fn){
    if(!oTarget){return;}
    if (obj.addEventListener) {
        obj.addEventListener(evt, fn, false);
    }else if(obj.attachEvent){
        obj.attachEvent('on'+evt,fn);
    }else{
        oTarget["on" + sEvtType] = fn;
    }
}

20. 跨浏览器删除事件

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function delEvt(obj,evt,fn){
    if(!obj){return;}
    if(obj.addEventListener){
        obj.addEventListener(evt,fn,false);
    }else if(oTarget.attachEvent){
        obj.attachEvent("on" + evt,fn);
    }else{
        obj["on" + evt] = fn;
    }
}

21. 为元素添加on方法

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Element.prototype.on = Element.prototype.addEventListener;
  
NodeList.prototype.on = function (event, fn) {、
    []['forEach'].call(this, function (el) {
        el.on(event, fn);
    });
    return this;
};

22. 为元素添加trigger方法

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Element.prototype.trigger = function (type, data) {
    var event = document.createEvent('HTMLEvents');
    event.initEvent(type, true, true);
    event.data = data || {};
    event.eventName = type;
    event.target = this;
    this.dispatchEvent(event);
    return this;
};
NodeList.prototype.trigger = function (event) {
    []['forEach'].call(this, function (el) {
        el['trigger'](event);
    });
    return this;
};

23. 检验URL链接是否有效

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function getUrlState(URL){
    var xmlhttp = new ActiveXObject("microsoft.xmlhttp");
    xmlhttp.Open("GET",URL, false); 
    try
            xmlhttp.Send();
    }catch(e){
    }finally{
        var result = xmlhttp.responseText;
        if(result){
            if(xmlhttp.Status==200){
                return(true);
             }else{
                   return(false);
             }
         }else{
             return(false);
         }
    }
}

24. 格式化CSS样式代码

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function formatCss(s){//格式化代码
    s = s.replace(/\s*([\{\}\:\;\,])\s*/g, "$1");
    s = s.replace(/;\s*;/g, ";"); //清除连续分号
    s = s.replace(/\,[\s\.\#\d]*{/g, "{");
    s = s.replace(/([^\s])\{([^\s])/g, "$1 {\n\t$2");
    s = s.replace(/([^\s])\}([^\n]*)/g, "$1\n}\n$2");
    s = s.replace(/([^\s]);([^\s\}])/g, "$1;\n\t$2");
    return s;
}

25. 压缩CSS样式代码

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function compressCss (s) {//压缩代码
    s = s.replace(/\/\*(.|\n)*?\*\//g, ""); //删除注释
    s = s.replace(/\s*([\{\}\:\;\,])\s*/g, "$1");
    s = s.replace(/\,[\s\.\#\d]*\{/g, "{"); //容错处理
    s = s.replace(/;\s*;/g, ";"); //清除连续分号
    s = s.match(/^\s*(\S+(\s+\S+)*)\s*$/); //去掉首尾空白
    return (s == null) ? "" : s[1];
}

26. 获取当前路径

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var currentPageUrl = "";
if (typeof this.href === "undefined") {
    currentPageUrl = document.location.toString().toLowerCase();
}else {
    currentPageUrl = this.href.toString().toLowerCase();
}

27. 判断是否移动设备

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function isMobile(){
    if (typeof this._isMobile === 'boolean'){
        return this._isMobile;
    }
    var screenWidth = this.getScreenWidth();
    var fixViewPortsExperiment = rendererModel.runningExperiments.FixViewport ||rendererModel.runningExperiments.fixviewport;
    var fixViewPortsExperimentRunning = fixViewPortsExperiment && (fixViewPortsExperiment.toLowerCase() === "new");
    if(!fixViewPortsExperiment){
        if(!this.isAppleMobileDevice()){
            screenWidth = screenWidth/window.devicePixelRatio;
        }
    }
    var isMobileScreenSize = screenWidth < 600;
    var