JavaScript学习总结(11)——JS常用函数(二)

37. getElementsByClassName

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function getElementsByClassName(name) {
    var tags = document.getElementsByTagName('*') || document.all;
    var els = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < tags.length; i++) {
        if (tags.className) {
            var cs = tags.className.split(' ');
            for (var j = 0; j < cs.length; j++) {
                if (name == cs[j]) {
                    els.push(tags);
                    break
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return els
}

38. 获取页面高度

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function getPageHeight(){
    var g = document, a = g.body, f = g.documentElement, d = g.compatMode == "BackCompat"
                    ? a
                    : g.documentElement;
    return Math.max(f.scrollHeight, a.scrollHeight, d.clientHeight);
}

39. 获取页面可视宽度

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function getPageViewWidth(){
    var d = document, a = d.compatMode == "BackCompat"
                    ? d.body
                    : d.documentElement;
    return a.clientWidth;
}

40. 获取页面宽度

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function getPageWidth(){
    var g = document, a = g.body, f = g.documentElement, d = g.compatMode == "BackCompat"
                    ? a
                    : g.documentElement;
    return Math.max(f.scrollWidth, a.scrollWidth, d.clientWidth);
}

41. 获取页面scrollTop

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function getPageScrollTop(){
    var a = document;
    return a.documentElement.scrollTop || a.body.scrollTop;
}

42. 获取页面可视高度

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function getPageViewHeight() {
    var d = document, a = d.compatMode == "BackCompat"
                    ? d.body
                    : d.documentElement;
    return a.clientHeight;
}

43. 去掉url前缀

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function removeUrlPrefix(a){
    a=a.replace(/:/g,":").replace(/./g,".").replace(///g,"/");
    while(trim(a).toLowerCase().indexOf("http://")==0){
        a=trim(a.replace(/http:\/\//i,""));
    }
    return a;
}

44. 随机数时间戳

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function uniqueId(){
    var a=Math.random,b=parseInt;
    return Number(new Date()).toString()+b(10*a())+b(10*a())+b(10*a());
}

45. 全角半角转换

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//iCase: 0全到半,1半到全,其他不转化
function chgCase(sStr,iCase){
    if(typeof sStr != "string" || sStr.length <= 0 || !(iCase === 0 || iCase == 1)){
        return sStr;
    }
    var i,oRs=[],iCode;
    if(iCase){/*半->全*/
        for(i=0; i<sStr.length;i+=1){
            iCode = sStr.charCodeAt(i);
            if(iCode == 32){
                iCode = 12288;                             
            }else if(iCode < 127){
                iCode += 65248;
            }
                oRs.push(String.fromCharCode(iCode));
            }              
    }else{/*全->半*/
        for(i=0; i<sStr.length;i+=1){
            iCode = sStr.charCodeAt(i);
            if(iCode == 12288){
                iCode = 32;
            }else if(iCode > 65280 && iCode < 65375){
                iCode -= 65248;                            
            }
                oRs.push(String.fromCharCode(iCode));
         }             
    }              
    return oRs.join("");               
}

46. 确认是否键盘有效输入值

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function checkKey(iKey){
    if(iKey == 32 || iKey == 229){return true;}/*空格和异常*/
    if(iKey>47 && iKey < 58){return true;}/*数字*/
    if(iKey>64 && iKey < 91){return true;}/*字母*/
    if(iKey>95 && iKey < 108){return true;}/*数字键盘1*/
    if(iKey>108 && iKey < 112){return true;}/*数字键盘2*/
    if(iKey>185 && iKey < 193){return true;}/*符号1*/
    if(iKey>218 && iKey < 223){return true;}/*符号2*/
    return false;
}

47. 获取网页被卷去的位置

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function getScrollXY() {
    return document.body.scrollTop ? {
        x: document.body.scrollLeft,
        y: document.body.scrollTop
    }: {
        x: document.documentElement.scrollLeft,
        y: document.documentElement.scrollTop
    }
}

48. 日期格式化函数+调用方法

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Date.prototype.format = function(format){
    var o = {
        "M+" : this.getMonth()+1, //month
        "d+" : this.getDate(),  //day
        "h+" : this.getHours(),   //hour
        "m+" : this.getMinutes(), //minute
        "s+" : this.getSeconds(), //second
        "q+" : Math.floor((this.getMonth()+3)/3),  //quarter
        "S" : this.getMilliseconds() //millisecond
    };
    if(/(y+)/.test(format)) format=format.replace(RegExp.$1,
(this.getFullYear()+"").substr(4 - RegExp.$1.length));
    for(var k in o){
        if(new RegExp("("+ k +")").test(format))
            format = format.replace(RegExp.$1,RegExp.$1.length==1 ? o[k] :("00"+ o[k]).substr((""+ o[k]).length));
    }
    return format;
}
alert(new Date().format("yyyy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss"));

49. 时间个性化输出功能

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/*
1、< 60s, 显示为“刚刚”
2、>= 1min && < 60 min, 显示与当前时间差“XX分钟前”
3、>= 60min && < 1day, 显示与当前时间差“今天 XX:XX”
4、>= 1day && < 1year, 显示日期“XX月XX日 XX:XX”
5、>= 1year, 显示具体日期“XXXX年XX月XX日 XX:XX”
*/
function timeFormat(time){
    var date = new Date(time),
        curDate = new Date(),
        year = date.getFullYear(),
        month = date.getMonth() + 10,
        day = date.getDate(),
        hour = date.getHours(),
        minute = date.getMinutes(),
        curYear = curDate.getFullYear(),
        curHour = curDate.getHours(),
        timeStr;
    if(year < curYear){
        timeStr = year +'年'+ month +'月'+ day +'日 '+ hour +':'+ minute;
    }else{
        var pastTime = curDate - date,
            pastH = pastTime/3600000;
        if(pastH > curHour){
              timeStr = month +'月'+ day +'日 '+ hour +':'+ minute;
        }else if(pastH >= 1){
              timeStr = '今天 ' + hour +':'+ minute +'分';
        }else{
              var pastM = curDate.getMinutes() - minute;
              if(pastM > 1){
                timeStr = pastM +'分钟前';
              }else{
                timeStr = '刚刚';
              }
        }
    }
    return timeStr;
}

50. 解决offsetX兼容性问题

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// 针对火狐不支持offsetX/Y
function getOffset(e){
    var target = e.target, // 当前触发的目标对象
          eventCoord,
          pageCoord,
          offsetCoord;
    // 计算当前触发元素到文档的距离
    pageCoord = getPageCoord(target);
    // 计算光标到文档的距离
    eventCoord = {
        X : window.pageXOffset + e.clientX,
        Y : window.pageYOffset + e.clientY
    };
    // 相减获取光标到第一个定位的父元素的坐标
    offsetCoord = {
        X : eventCoord.X - pageCoord.X,
        Y : eventCoord.Y - pageCoord.Y
    };
    return offsetCoord;
}
function getPageCoord(element){
    var coord = { X : 0, Y : 0 };
    // 计算从当前触发元素到根节点为止,
    // 各级 offsetParent 元素的 offsetLeft 或 offsetTop 值之和
    while (element){
        coord.X += element.offsetLeft;
        coord.Y += element.offsetTop;
        element = element.offsetParent;
    }
    return coord;
}

51. 常用的正则表达式

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//正整数
/^[0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*$/;
//负整数
/^-[0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*$/;
//正浮点数
/^(([0-9]+\.[0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*)|([0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*\.[0-9]+)|([0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*))$/;  
//负浮点数
/^(-(([0-9]+\.[0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*)|([0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*\.[0-9]+)|([0-9]*[1-9][0-9]*)))$/; 
//浮点数
/^(-?\d+)(\.\d+)?$/;
//email地址
/^[\w-]+(\.[\w-]+)*@[\w-]+(\.[\w-]+)+$/;
//url地址
/^[a-zA-z]+://(\w+(-\w+)*)(\.(\w+(-\w+)*))*(\?\S*)?$/;
或:^http:\/\/[A-Za-z0-9]+\.[A-Za-z0-9]+[\/=\?%\-&_~`@[\]\':+!]*([^<>\"\"])*$
//年/月/日(年-月-日、年.月.日)
/^(19|20)\d\d[- /.](0[1-9]|1[012])[- /.](0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])$/;
//匹配中文字符
/[\u4e00-\u9fa5]/;
//匹配帐号是否合法(字母开头,允许5-10字节,允许字母数字下划线)
/^[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]{4,9}$/;
//匹配空白行的正则表达式
/\n\s*\r/;
//匹配中国邮政编码
/[1-9]\d{5}(?!\d)/;
//匹配身份证
/\d{15}|\d{18}/;
//匹配国内电话号码
/(\d{3}-|\d{4}-)?(\d{8}|\d{7})?/;
//匹配IP地址
/((2[0-4]\d|25[0-5]|[01]?\d\d?)\.){3}(2[0-4]\d|25[0-5]|[01]?\d\d?)/;
//匹配首尾空白字符的正则表达式
/^\s*|\s*$/;
//匹配HTML标记的正则表达式
< (\S*?)[^>]*>.*?|< .*? />;
//sql 语句
^(select|drop|delete|create|update|insert).*$
//提取信息中的网络链接
(h|H)(r|R)(e|E)(f|F) *= *('|")?(\w|\\|\/|\.)+('|"| *|>)?
//提取信息中的邮件地址
\w+([-+.]\w+)*@\w+([-.]\w+)*\.\w+([-.]\w+)*
//提取信息中的图片链接
(s|S)(r|R)(c|C) *= *('|")?(\w|\\|\/|\.)+('|"| *|>)?
//提取信息中的 IP 地址
(\d+)\.(\d+)\.(\d+)\.(\d+)
//取信息中的中国手机号码
(86)*0*13\d{9}
//提取信息中的中国邮政编码
[1-9]{1}(\d+){5}
//提取信息中的浮点数(即小数)
(-?\d*)\.?\d+
//提取信息中的任何数字
(-?\d*)(\.\d+)?
//电话区号
^0\d{2,3}$
//腾讯 QQ 号
^[1-9]*[1-9][0-9]*$
//帐号(字母开头,允许 5-16 字节,允许字母数字下划线)
^[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9_]{4,15}$
//中文、英文、数字及下划线
^[\u4e00-\u9fa5_a-zA-Z0-9]+$

52. 返回顶部的通用方法

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function backTop(btnId) {
    var btn = document.getElementById(btnId);
    var d = document.documentElement;
    var b = document.body;
    window.onscroll = set;
    btn.style.display = "none";
    btn.onclick = function() {
        btn.style.display = "none";
        window.onscroll = null;
        this.timer = setInterval(function() {
            d.scrollTop -= Math.ceil((d.scrollTop + b.scrollTop) * 0.1);
            b.scrollTop -= Math.ceil((d.scrollTop + b.scrollTop) * 0.1);
            if ((d.scrollTop + b.scrollTop) == 0) clearInterval(btn.timer, window.onscroll = set);
            }, 10);
    };
    function set() {
        btn.style.display = (d.scrollTop + b.scrollTop > 100) ? 'block': "none"
    }
};
backTop('goTop');

53. 获得URL中GET参数值

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// 用法:如果地址是 test.htm?t1=1&t2=2&t3=3, 那么能取得:GET["t1"], GET["t2"], GET["t3"]
function get_get(){
    querystr = window.location.href.split("?")
    if(querystr[1]){
        GETs = querystr[1].split("&");
        GET = [];
        for(i=0;i<GETs.length;i++){
              tmp_arr = GETs.split("=")
              key=tmp_arr[0]
              GET[key] = tmp_arr[1]
        }
    }
    return querystr[1];
}

54. 打开一个窗体通用方法

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function openWindow(url,windowName,width,height){
    var x = parseInt(screen.width / 2.0) - (width / 2.0);
    var y = parseInt(screen.height / 2.0) - (height / 2.0);
    var isMSIE= (navigator.appName == "Microsoft Internet Explorer");
    if (isMSIE) {
        var p = "resizable=1,location=no,scrollbars=no,width=";
        p = p+width;
           p = p+",height=";
           p = p+height;
        p = p+",left=";
        p = p+x;
        p = p+",top=";
        p = p+y;
        retval = window.open(url, windowName, p);
    } else {
        var win = window.open(url, "ZyiisPopup", "top=" + y + ",left=" + x + ",scrollbars=" + scrollbars + ",dialog=yes,modal=yes,width=" + width + ",height=" + height + ",resizable=no" );
        eval("try { win.resizeTo(width, height); } catch(e) { }");
        win.focus();
    }
}

55. 提取页面代码中所有网址

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var aa = document.documentElement.outerHTML.match(/(url\(|src=|href=)[\"\']*([^\"\'\(\)\<\>\[\] ]+)[\"\'\)]*|(http:\/\/[\w\-\.]+[^\"\'\(\)\<\>\[\] ]+)/ig).join("\r\n").replace(/^(src=|href=|url\()[\"\']*|[\"\'\>\) ]*$/igm,"");
alert(aa);

56. 清除相同的数组

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String.prototype.unique=function(){
    var x=this.split(/[\r\n]+/);
    var y='';
    for(var i=0;i<x.length;i++){
        if(!new RegExp("^"+x.replace(/([^\w])/ig,"\\$1")+"$","igm").test(y)){
            y+=x+"\r\n"
        }
    }
    return y
};

57. 按字母排序,对每行进行数组排序

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function SetSort(){
    var text=K1.value.split(/[\r\n]/).sort().join("\r\n");//顺序
    var test=K1.value.split(/[\r\n]/).sort().reverse().join("\r\n");//反序
    K1.value=K1.value!=text?text:test;
}

58. 字符串反序

function IsReverse(text){
    return text.split('').reverse().join('');
}

59. 清除html代码中的脚本

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