Java基础学习总结(117)——Feign入门使用详解

一,简介

Feign使得 Java HTTP 客户端编写更方便。Feign 灵感来源于Retrofit、JAXRS-2.0和WebSocket。Feign最初是为了降低统一绑定Denominator到HTTP API的复杂度,不区分是否支持Restful。Feign旨在通过最少的资源和代码来实现和HTTP API的连接。通过可定制的解码器和错误处理,可以编写任意的HTTP API。
Maven依赖:
<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.netflix.feign/feign-core -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.netflix.feign</groupId>
    <artifactId>feign-core</artifactId>
    <version>8.18.0</version>
    <scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>

二,为什么选择Feign而不是其他
你可以使用 Jersey 和 CXF 这些来写一个 Rest 或 SOAP 服务的java客服端

已标记关键词 清除标记
## feign 通过服务名调用报错404 eureka注册中心 ![图片说明](https://img-ask.csdn.net/upload/201908/21/1566361357_431785.png) **生产服务代码配置信息** ``` server: port: 8100 spring: application: name: admin-service-api eureka: instance: ##注册中心IP地址 hostname: localhost ### 实例名称显示IP配置 preferIpAddress: true instance-id: ${spring.application.name}:${server.port} client: serviceUrl: defaultZone: http://localhost:8700/eureka/ ``` ``` @RequestMapping("/admin-service-api") public interface DevicePrisionerService { @RequestMapping(value = "/getUser", method = RequestMethod.GET) String getUser(); } ``` **消费服务代码配置信息** eureka配置文件: ``` server: port: 8200 spring: application: name: NanhaiAdminWeb eureka: instance: ##注册中心IP地址 hostname: localhost ### 实例名称显示IP配置 preferIpAddress: true instance-id: ${spring.application.name}:${server.port} client: serviceUrl: defaultZone: http://localhost:8700/eureka/ ``` FeignClient客户端调用代码 ``` @FeignClient(name = "admin-service-api") public interface AdminService { @RequestMapping(value = "/getUser", method = RequestMethod.GET) String getUser(); } ``` Controller调用: ``` @RestController public class AdminController { @Autowired private AdminService adminService; @GetMapping("login") public Object login(){ return adminService.getUser(); } } ``` **错误信息:** ``` 2019-08-21 11:48:09.015 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/] : Initializing Spring DispatcherServlet 'dispatcherServlet' 2019-08-21 11:48:09.015 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet : Initializing Servlet 'dispatcherServlet' 2019-08-21 11:48:09.021 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet : Completed initialization in 5 ms 2019-08-21 11:48:09.167 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.netflix.config.ChainedDynamicProperty : Flipping property: admin-service-api.ribbon.ActiveConnectionsLimit to use NEXT property: niws.loadbalancer.availabilityFilteringRule.activeConnectionsLimit = 2147483647 2019-08-21 11:48:09.190 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.n.u.concurrent.ShutdownEnabledTimer : Shutdown hook installed for: NFLoadBalancer-PingTimer-admin-service-api 2019-08-21 11:48:09.191 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.netflix.loadbalancer.BaseLoadBalancer : Client: admin-service-api instantiated a LoadBalancer: DynamicServerListLoadBalancer:{NFLoadBalancer:name=admin-service-api,current list of Servers=[],Load balancer stats=Zone stats: {},Server stats: []}ServerList:null 2019-08-21 11:48:09.195 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.n.l.DynamicServerListLoadBalancer : Using serverListUpdater PollingServerListUpdater 2019-08-21 11:48:09.212 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.netflix.config.ChainedDynamicProperty : Flipping property: admin-service-api.ribbon.ActiveConnectionsLimit to use NEXT property: niws.loadbalancer.availabilityFilteringRule.activeConnectionsLimit = 2147483647 2019-08-21 11:48:09.213 INFO 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] c.n.l.DynamicServerListLoadBalancer : DynamicServerListLoadBalancer for client admin-service-api initialized: DynamicServerListLoadBalancer:{NFLoadBalancer:name=admin-service-api,current list of Servers=[192.168.1.134:8100],Load balancer stats=Zone stats: {defaultzone=[Zone:defaultzone; Instance count:1; Active connections count: 0; Circuit breaker tripped count: 0; Active connections per server: 0.0;] },Server stats: [[Server:192.168.1.134:8100; Zone:defaultZone; Total Requests:0; Successive connection failure:0; Total blackout seconds:0; Last connection made:Thu Jan 01 08:00:00 CST 1970; First connection made: Thu Jan 01 08:00:00 CST 1970; Active Connections:0; total failure count in last (1000) msecs:0; average resp time:0.0; 90 percentile resp time:0.0; 95 percentile resp time:0.0; min resp time:0.0; max resp time:0.0; stddev resp time:0.0] ]}ServerList:org.springframework.cloud.netflix.ribbon.eureka.DomainExtractingServerList@5539f1f1 2019-08-21 11:48:09.281 ERROR 13252 --- [nio-8200-exec-1] o.a.c.c.C.[.[.[/].[dispatcherServlet] : Servlet.service() for servlet [dispatcherServlet] in context with path [] threw exception [Request processing failed; nested exception is feign.FeignException: status 404 reading AdminService#getUser()] with root cause feign.FeignException: status 404 reading AdminService#getUser() at feign.FeignException.errorStatus(FeignException.java:78) ~[feign-core-10.1.0.jar:na] at feign.codec.ErrorDecoder$Default.decode(ErrorDecoder.java:93) ~[feign-core-10.1.0.jar:na] at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.executeAndDecode(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:149) ~[feign-core-10.1.0.jar:na] at feign.SynchronousMethodHandler.invoke(SynchronousMethodHandler.java:78) ~[feign-core-10.1.0.jar:na] at feign.ReflectiveFeign$FeignInvocationHandler.invoke(ReflectiveFeign.java:103) ~[feign-core-10.1.0.jar:na] at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy73.getUser(Unknown Source) ~[na:na] at com.zkja.nanhai.admin.controller.AdminController.login(AdminController.java:23) ~[classes/:na] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_144] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) ~[na:1.8.0_144] at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) ~[na:1.8.0_144] at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) ~[na:1.8.0_144] at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:189) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:138) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:102) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:895) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:800) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:87) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:1038) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:942) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:1005) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:897) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:634) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:882) ~[spring-webmvc-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:741) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:231) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:53) ~[tomcat-embed-websocket-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.web.filter.RequestContextFilter.doFilterInternal(RequestContextFilter.java:99) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.web.filter.FormContentFilter.doFilterInternal(FormContentFilter.java:92) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:93) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:200) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) ~[spring-web-5.1.4.RELEASE.jar:5.1.4.RELEASE] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:199) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:490) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:139) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:74) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:343) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:408) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:66) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:834) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1417) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) [na:1.8.0_144] at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) [na:1.8.0_144] at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.14.jar:9.0.14] at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) [na:1.8.0_144] 2019-08-21 11:48:10.203 INFO 13252 --- [erListUpdater-0] c.netflix.config.ChainedDynamicProperty : Flipping property: admin-service-api.ribbon.ActiveConnectionsLimit to use NEXT property: niws.loadbalancer.availabilityFilteringRule.activeConnectionsLimit = 2147483647 2019-08-21 11:52:11.573 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 11:57:11.577 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:02:11.582 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:07:11.591 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:12:11.595 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:17:11.596 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:22:11.599 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration 2019-08-21 12:27:11.609 INFO 13252 --- [trap-executor-0] c.n.d.s.r.aws.ConfigClusterResolver : Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration ``` **HardCodedTarget获取信息:** HardCodedTarget(type=AdminService, name=admin-service-api, url=http://admin-service-api)
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